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劉曉波2010年榮獲諾貝爾和平獎的推薦信 (中英文)

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发表于 2017-6-26 11:00:20 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
劉曉波2010年榮獲諾貝爾和平獎的推薦信
(中英文)

「按:今天驚悉劉曉波被罹患晚期肝癌,只有痛心!我個人首先能夠做到的只有正式重新發表2009年我為爭取劉曉波諾貝爾和平獎而寫的推薦信。希望有人能夠將此信傳到劉曉波的病榻前,以表達我這位劉曉波老朋友和夫人二位個人對他的敬意和謝謝他當我兩次16年在獄中時,為我們所做的一切。我充份了解和理解一些朋友的不同意見,希望我們在劉曉波再次危難的時刻,盡可能地為一個在獄中沒有屈服的不同政見者被罹患晚期肝癌而悲憤和祈禱吧!」

推薦信中英文全文

(諾貝爾和平獎委員會2010年4月7日接受徐文立對劉曉波博士首次提名的答復信,掃描件是回信和信封的部分)



Norwegian Nobel Institute
Drammensveien 19
N-0255 Oslo
Norway
January 27, 2009
Dear Members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee:
尊敬的诺贝尔和平奖委员会:
我是徐文立,现任布朗大学沃森国际研究所资深研究员、并任美国“关注中国中心”主席、中国民主党全国联合总部(英文直译China Democracy Party)主席。我曾是1978年中国民主墙民主运动的创建者和组织者之一,也是1998年中国民主党的创建者和组织者之一,因此被中共政府两次判处28年徒刑、实际服刑16年。2002年12月24日在美国政府与国际舆论的营救下,我流亡到了美国,2003年5月26日在布朗大学工作期间,被布朗大学授予荣誉博士称号。
中国著名的文学评论家刘晓波博士因带领中国国内303位社会精英和社会贤达联署、之后又有一万多人参加签名的《零八宪章》,中国共产党政府在2008年12月8日先期软禁了刘晓波博士。刘晓波博士是2008年12月以来被拘留或骚扰的大批异见人士之一,他们发表公开信要求中国全国人民代表大会常务委员会批准《公民权利和政治权利国际公约》,并于2008年12月9日发表一份要求政治改革和人权的《零八宪章》。这些活动是12月10日世界人权日纪念《世界人权宣言》发表60周年活动的一部分。
在刘晓波博士2008年12月8日被非法“监视居住”羁押在北京一个秘密地点进行调查七个月之后,又于2009年6月23日被正式指控“近年来以造谣和诽谤的方式煽动颠覆国家政权和推翻社会主义制度”的罪名,正式逮捕了他。中国共产党政府为了躲避西方政府和公众的谴责,特地于2009年12月25日圣诞节判处刘晓波博士11年徒刑、剥夺2年政治权利。这是典型的以言治罪,而且被判处的是极重的刑罚。
刘晓波博士最初获得国际社会和国际笔会关注和支持是1989年,他作为被政府贴上“北京黑手”标签的作家和知识分子之一,因在天安门广场的抗议中所起的作用遭到拘捕。早在他最近这次被捕前,刘晓波博士已在监狱里总共度过了5年,包括1996年的三年劳教,并一再遭到短期关押、骚扰与审查。
2008年12月23日,包括诺贝尔文学奖得主在内的全球一百五十多名知名学者、作家、人权工作者,以及在之前和之后,中国国内外近万名知识分子和民众发表致胡锦涛和中国共产党政府公开信要求释放刘晓波博士。
刘晓波博士从上世纪八十年代开始,就是中国大陆罕见的敢于严厉地批评中国共产党独裁政府的独立的自由知识分子的代表。三十年来,刘晓波博士论说颇丰,著作等身,成为当代中国对社会最有影响力的政论家之一,开启了当代中国新学派的高贵风范。
1989“六四屠杀”前夕和当时,刘晓波博士毅然从美国返回中国北京,联络周舵先生、高新先生、侯德健先生结成“天安门四君子”,在学生和北京市民的万难时刻,挺身而出,发表《六二绝食宣言》;1989“六四屠杀”发生时,“天安门四君子”与血腥镇压的中共军队谈判,让当时天安门的学生大部安全撤出,事后刘晓波博士却被逮捕,再次彰显了我中华义士永不熄灭的道德勇气和担当。
1989“六四”血腥镇压之后,中国社会政治上一片黑暗,正是刘晓波博士等人如同普罗米修斯一般,高擎着自由、民主的火炬,发表1996年的《致国共两党的双十宣言》和2008年的《零八宪章》,让中国民主事业的大旗在国内不倒,其中,刘晓波博士做出了第一等的贡献。为此,刘晓波博士曾二度坐牢,数次被非法拘禁。
1989年之后,坚毅的刘晓波博士变得更加温和、从容,也就更加彰显了他的道德勇气和力量。
因此,在世界上享有崇高的道义力量、引领人类社会走向高贵的诺贝尔和平奖能授予刘晓波博士,不但是对刘晓波博士和《零八宪章》群体的褒扬,更是对决心向宪政民主国家和平过渡的中国人民的鼓励,也必将进一步巩固世界的和平。
敬请您们考虑授予刘晓波博士诺贝尔和平奖,谢谢!
徐文立
2010年1月10日
Xu Wenli
Senior Fellow
Watson Institute for International Studies
Brown University
(O)401-863-9768
Wenli_Xu@brown.edu

————————————
Norwegian Nobel Institute
Drammensveien 19
N-0255 Oslo
Norway
January 10, 2010
Dear Members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee:
Distinguished members of the Nobel Peace Prize Committee,
My name is Xu Wenli. I am a senior fellow at the Watson Institute of International Studies at Brown University, the chairman of the “Caring for China Center”, as well as the chairman and co-founder of the Chinese Democracy Party. I was also one of the founders of the Chinese Democracy Wall Movement in 1978. As a result of my activism, I was arrested twice by the Chinese government and sentenced to a total of 28 years imprisonment, of which I served 16 years. With the help and negotiation of the American government and other international leaders, I was exiled to the U.S. on 24th December 2002.
Well-known Chinese literary critic Dr. Liu Xiaobo was put under house arrest by the government on December 8th 2008 because he initiated the signing of a Civil Rights Charter, gathering 303 prominent community leaders in mainland China to his cause. Subsequently, more than 8000 people signed the charter as well, and seven months later, under their “residential surveillance scheme”, the Chinese Communist Party formally arrested Dr. Liu on June 23rd 2009. He has been illegally detained till this day.  
On December 23rd 2008, open letters were penned to President Hu Jintao and the CCP, calling for the release of Dr. Liu Xiaobo. Those demanding his release included former Nobel Literature Prize winners, more than 150 of the world’s prominent scholars, writers, human rights workers, as well as close to ten thousand Chinese intellectuals, both within China and abroad.  
Ever since the 80s, Dr. Liu Xiaobo has been a rare symbol of courage, unafraid to harshly and openly criticize the CCP’s dictatorship. For three decades, Dr. Liu has engaged in much intellectual discourse and has established himself in contemporary society as one of China’s most influential political commentators, opening up an entirely new school of thought in the area of political commentary.  
During the 1989 Tiananmen massacre, Dr. Liu returned to Beijing from the United States, and contacted Mr. Zhou Duo, Mr. Gao Xin, and Mr. Hou Dejian. Together, they formed the “Four Tiananmen Princes”, declaring a hunger strike as a means of standing up for the many students and citizens who were undergoing an extremely painful and difficult time. The success of this hunger strike of the “Four Tiananmen Princes”, though limited, is testament to the undying moral courage inherent in the Chinese, a force that cannot be quenched even by the CCP’s use of extreme and unnecessary violence.
In the wake of the 1989 June 4th massacre and the darkness that fell upon Chinese society, it is individuals like Dr. Liu Xiaobo who continue holding up the Promethean torch as a symbol of freedom and human rights. His 1996 publication of “Writings to both the KMT and CCP” as well as 2008’s Civil Rights Charter are both first-class contributions to the cause of democracy in China. Because of his work, he would be imprisoned twice, and illegally detained several times more.
Post-1989, Dr. Liu’s determination has only grown more resolute and grounded, thus all the more highlighting his moral courage and strength.  
As such, to award the Nobel Peace Prize to Dr. Liu would not only be to acknowledge his significant contributions in upholding and championing human rights and civil liberties, but also encourage the peaceful transition of China towards democracy, further consolidating efforts towards world peace.  
Please consider awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to Dr. Liu Xiaobo. Thank you!  

Xu Wenli
Senior Fellow
Watson Institute for International Studies
Brown University
(O)401-863-9768
Wenli_Xu@brown.edu

(劉曉波、徐文立1995. 4. 24在北京徐宅)

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发表于 2017-7-2 10:08:25 | 显示全部楼层
可笑的和平獎
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发表于 2017-7-2 10:17:57 | 显示全部楼层
一場鬧劇而已
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