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意识形态应该受到环境的制约。

已有 24 次阅读2022-6-21 21:52 |个人分类:全球化

意识形态是价值观应该管控在一定的生存条件环境基础游戏范围内,而不是现实政治生活的所有范围. 地球上人要生活, 这是硬道理  Ideology is  values should be controlled by certain living conditions, environmental foundations, and games rules, not tall areas of real political life. People on earth want to live, this is the last word.

意识形态属于上层建筑,是人的需求层次的高层. 没有必要为了意识形态而牺牲整个国家的经济基础和发展前途  Ideology belongs to the superstructure and is the high level of human needs. There is no need to sacrifice the economic foundation and development prospects of the entire country for ideology.
可是在欧洲,长达近一千年的宗教压抑,意识形态为上的宗教情结,根植于大多数基督教国家,同时也因为工业革命,有了先进的自然科学的理论,在西方就很偏激地把对待自然的逻辑性很强的严谨的理论,应用在人性情感丰富的人类社会里。比如有近两百年宗教战争,如把异教徒赶出欧洲大陆,甚至残害那些宣传与教会观念不符的科学理论的人。人类社会体系中有左右派之分,在社会结构里,左派代表自由,个人奋斗,资本主义。右派代表集体主义,共产主义,国家管理。我们画画, 从黑到白中间还有10个级别的灰. 任何一个颜色,可以有三种颜色不同的量级组成,这个世界并不是非黑即白的零和!马克思理论是从西方传过来的,根据马克思理论,阶级斗争是社会发展的推动力。不错,这个世界是有阶级的斗争,可是社会前进的动力不只是因为阶级斗争,解决阶级斗争的办法也有各种各样,没有必要去夸大制造阶级斗争. 中国之所以当时疑神疑鬼排除异己,也是因为国家以外的敌对势力高压环境,西方以一贯的非黑即白意识形态来看待中国,把非我类一并归入敌类,到处树敌加以打击并秀強拳肌肉, 结果中国政府随风而舞草木皆兵。后来中国政府从文革浩劫中醒悟过来,中国文化与西方文化不同, 不能像俄国那样与狼共舞, 当时的中国是任怎么样也玩不起的。中国于是韬光养晦将自己处于漩涡争斗的外场,退一步海阔天空,避免直接冲突给自己造成灭顶之灾!因为黑与白之间有好多级的灰,意识形态属于上层建筑,是人的需求层次的高层,而中国的生产力和文明环境,不适合资本主义的民主,当时人的最基本的需求却是大多数在衣食住行下层,是要建立强大工业基础而发展,没有必要为了意识形态而牺牲整个国家的经济基础和发展前途,去拚一个你死我活!中国政府聪明,避灾躲难,忍辱负重,维持和平稳定,埋头苦干,积累国力. 可是同属西方哲学思维的苏联,却一直把自己处在跟对手同一位置,直接硬拼,比如现在的互相驱逐外交官,比如二战以后,社会主义阵营和资本主义阵营的长达几十年的冷战!

However, in Europe, the religious repression of nearly a thousand years, the ideology of the religious complex, rooted in most Christian countries, but also because of the industrial revolution, with advanced natural science theory, in the West, it is very extreme to apply in a human society rich in humanity and emotions with rigorous logic theory which is dealing nature.  For example, there had been nearly two hundred years of religious warfare, such as the expulsion of pagans from the European continent, and even the murder of those who promote scientific theories that were inconsistent with the concept of the church. There are left and right parties in the human social system. In the social structure, the left represents freedom, individual struggle, and capitalism. The right represents collectivism, communism, and state management. When we draw, there are 10 levels of gray from black to white. Any color can be composed of three different RGB colors. This world is not black or white zero sum! Marx's theory was passed from the West. According to Marx's theory, class struggle was the driving force of social development. Yes, in this world there are class struggles, but the driving force for social progress is not just because of class struggle. There are also various ways to solve class struggles. There is no need to exaggerate the class struggles. The reason why China was suspicious at the time was to exclude dissidents. The hostile forces outside the country have a high-pressure environment. The West regards China as a consistent if non-black then white ideology, and classifies non-mine classes into enemy classes. The West attacked enemy everywhere and showed strong muscles. As a result, the Chinese government dances with the wind, even grass and wood are enemies. Later, the Chinese government came to awaken from the catastrophe of the Cultural Revolution. Chinese culture is different from Western culture. It cannot dance with wolves like Russia. At that time, China could not afford to play. China then set up a field outside the whirlpool battle, and stepped back to give itself more space, avoiding direct conflicts not causing disasters for themselves! Because there is a lot of gray area between black and white, ideology belongs to the superstructure, which is the high level of human needs. China's productivity and civilized environment are not suitable for capitalist democracy. At that time, the most basic needs of people were in the lower level of clothing, food, housing and transportation. It is necessary to establish a strong industrial base and develop. It is not necessary to sacrifice the economic foundation and development prospects of the whole country for ideology, and to fight for a life and death! The Chinese government was smart, avoiding disasters, humiliating, maintaining peace and stability, working hard, and accumulating national strength. However, the Soviet Union, which belongs to Western philosophical thinking, has always placed itself at the equal position as its opponents, directly fighting hard, such as the current mutual eviction Diplomats, such as the post-World War II, the socialist camp and the capitalist camp for decades of cold war!


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