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山西王家大院

已有 19 次阅读2021-2-22 08:23 |个人分类:中国

Jul 8, 2016 at 7:45 AM

 

我为王家大院的建筑风格深深折服了 I am deeply impressed by the architectural style of the Wang Family Courtyard. 

 

家也太非同寻常了!厉害呀!这次山西之行大大改变了我对中国建筑艺术许多无知的看法! 以前只有从书上才看到过大户人家的家院,比如红楼梦,比如牡丹亭心里想那些都是作家们戏曲家们编出来的故事. 出国不久就听说了平遥古城,乔家大院,还有以基础 “大红灯笼高高挂”. 门重门,廊转廊,大院深锁,万般纠结闺怨无限的!今天当我走进王家大院,我简直不敢相信自己的眼睛,这居然是民间大家庭的住宅,而且是建于元代! 刚刚从欧洲归来,满脑子都是那些欧洲古堡,美伦美奂的罗浮宫,气魄宏大的凡尔赛宫,还有那些高大神圣的教堂,不禁为欧洲的建筑击掌赞叹不已!那些廊柱,那些雕塑,那些绘画,还有音乐等等等等!文艺复兴为欧洲带来如此巨大的变化! 刚刚从印度归来,无论是德里,阿各儿,杰迫儿,泰姬陵琥珀宫,都是16世纪17世纪建造的,深受伊斯兰建筑希腊建筑和佛教建筑的影响如此精美的大理石花纹,如此计算精确的建筑结构,宗教的崇高和影响力从所有的方面呈现出来!琥珀宫有古巴比伦皇宫的影子,有阿罕布拉宫的影子,我们在琥珀宫转晕了头,还是一位印度工作人员领我们出来的,居然向我们要钱!


Wang's family is too unusual! Awesome! This trip to Shanxi has greatly changed my ignorance of Chinese architectural art! In the past, I only saw the homes of large families from such as the Dream of Red Mansions, such as the Peony Pavilion. I thought, those are the stories written by the writers and the opera artists. Came to USI soon heard about the ancient city of Pingyao, Qiao Family Courtyard, and the "big red lanterns hanging high" based on this. Doors after doors, corridors connecting corridors, deep locks, all kinds of entanglements,  and infinite complains from women nottreated fair!! Today, when I walked into the Wang Family Courtyard, I couldn't believe my eyes. This is actually a residence of a big folk family, and it was built in the Yuan Dynasty! Just returned from Europe, full of those European castles, the beautiful Louvre, the magnificent Versailles, and the tall and sacred churches, can not help but applause to the European building, amazed! Those columns, those sculptures, those paintings, music, and so on! The Renaissance has brought such a huge change to Europe! Just returned from India, whether it is Delhi, Agra, Jaipor, Taj Mahal, Amber Palace, all built in the 16th century, 17th century, deeply influenced by Islamic architecture, Greek architecture, and Buddhist architecture. So beautiful The marble pattern, so calculated the precise structure of the building, the sublimity and influence of religion, presented in all aspects! The Amber Palace has the shadow of the Babylonian Palace. It has the shadow of the Alhambra Palace. We turned dizzy in the Amber Palace, brought out by an Indian staff member, but actually he asked us for money!

 

可是所有这些,来跟山西的云冈石窟比,来跟山西的王家大院比,不能同日而语呀!中国没有受到希腊建筑的影响,中国在文艺复兴之前,没有受到伊斯兰建筑的影响,也不是像巴比伦花园, 不像琥珀宫,更不是阿房宫,不是皇家宫殿,不是用国家财富动用民间能工巧匠,而是一个家族靠自己的财力,建造出来的像故宫这般宏大精巧无与伦比的住宅庭院 我为家的建筑风格深深折服了!无论是砖雕木雕石雕结构分布程度完全可以和印度的细腻精美相媲美!我们很容易就在这些庭院的迷宫里流失了居然有2000多房屋,我看见整体的统一的风格,在这么大的规模上像一个宏大而精巧的艺术品,是非常不容易,非同寻常的!即使不讲建筑细节,光建筑的分布格局,高矮楼亭,花园水井,各个层次功能上的人员安排分布,就已经是非常聪明智慧,更何况上下左右三维庭院装饰,布景,精雕细作匠心. 参观的时候下雨了,可是在墙上上下道所用的砖石,却是吸水的,一点都不滑,可见用料之用心!可以想见整个王家大院一砖一石,一草一木都是匠心所在啊!云冈石窟是1500年前开始建的,那时候还没有伊斯兰教呢!那么精美那么巨大,法轮常转,佛法无边,可见在那个时候中国工匠的技艺就已经很高了!

 

But all of this, compared with the Yungang Grottoes in Shanxi, compared with the Wang Family Courtyard in Shanxi, can not be the same language! China was not affected by Greek architecture. Before  Renaissance, China was not influenced by Islamic architecture, nor was it like the Babylonian Garden, unlike the Amber Palace, not the Er-Fang Palace, not the Royal Palace, and did not use of national wealth hiring local craftsmen. It was a family built on its own financial resources,unrivaled residential courtyard group like the Forbidden City, such a grand and ingenious! I was deeply impressed by the architectural style of the Wang family! Whether it was brick carving, wood carving, stone carving, the degree of structural distribution, it could be compared with the exquisite beauty of India! We were very easy just got lost in the maze of these courtyards. Actually there were more than 2,000 rooms, I saw the overall unified style, on such a large scale, like a grand and delicate artIt was very difficult to build, unusual! Even if you don't talk about architectural details, the distribution pattern of light buildings, high-rise pavilions, garden water wells, and the distribution of personnel at all levels of function, it was already very smart and intelligent, not to mention the up and down, left and right, three-dimensional garden decoration, scenery, and fine carvingingenuity. It rained when I visited, but the masonry used on the wall and the upper and lower roads was water-absorbent, not slippery at all, showing the intention of  materials selection! It is conceivable that the whole Wang Family Courtyard is a brick and stonearchitecture, and all the trees and the wood are the ingenuity! The Yungang Grottoes were built 1500 years ago, and there was no Islam at that time! So beautiful and so huge, the fortune turns often, the Dharma is boundless, it can be seen that at that time, the craftsmanship of Chinese craftsmen was already very high class!


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